This map of Franklin details the central position Chambersburg held in the county, serving as a hub of roads, railroads, and smaller communities in Franklin.
This map of Franklin County shows the elevation of the county. Residents occupied dwellings at nearly every elevation.
This map of Franklin County shows the densely built transportation infrastructure, including railroads, major roads, and minor roads. Nearly all residences clustered along major and minor roads. Only a handful of residents lived off of a road.
This map of Franklin County shows the towns with a one mile buffer around them. Residences are red, with those in the buffer in yellow. No Franklin resident lived more than 6 miles from a town or village.
This map of Franklin County shows the soil types in the county. Residents in Franklin concentrated their development on the best soils, though Franklin’s population density forced residents to inhabit a wide array of soil types. This map also effectively shows the dense concentration of residences along the major roads in the county.
Franklin County’s agricultural production by voting precinct shows the diverse mix of Franklin’s farms. The county grew mainly wheat, but significant amounts of rye as well. Dry Run, Lurgan, Concord, and Warren precincts stand out from the other precincts by their higher level of corn production and lower level of wheat production.
This map shows the wide distribution of farm values throughout the county. Franklin had higher land values than Augusta, but the wealth was spread out thoroughly in the county.
This map of Franklin County shows the presidential vote of 1860 by precinct. Lincoln’s support came from the broad middle of the county, centered in places with visible African American populations, such as Southampton, Montgomery, and the South Ward of Chambersburg.
This map of Franklin County shows the density of churches and schools in the county. The circles indicate a 1-mile radius around each institution. No residence in Franklin County was more than 3 miles from a school and 5.5 miles from a church.