Valley of the Shadow
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On this page are articles on the war, an article printing a letter from General Lee to his son in 1852; a letter from G. A. Trenholm, Secretary of the Treasury, C. S. A. regarding tax in kind; a report on Sherman's destruction of Georgia; an article on an international hospital convention; advertisements; notices; and a poem.

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Also on this page are other articles on the war, advertisements, notices, and a list of persons who have undelivered mail being held at the post office in Staunton as of November 30, 1864.

War News

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Full Text of Article

War News.

The activity manifested in the enemy's camps below Richmond for several days past seem to indicate an early advance on the part of the Yankee General. Nothing positive however is known of their movements, except that it was discovered on Monday morning that the white troops had been withdrawn from our front near Fort Harrison and their places supplied with negroes.

The Yankee papers gave us the information some days ago, that all the negroes in Grant's army were to be put into the Eighteenth corps, under Gen. Weitzel. The transfer of that portion of them at Bermuda Hundred and in front of Petersburg to this side would go far to confirm that statement.

From our lines below Petersburg nothing of interest has taken place since the attack of the enemy on Stony Creek Depot on the 1st inst., the result of which will be found in the following despatch from Gen. Lee.

Headq'rs Army Northern Va.,

December 2.

Hon Jas. A. Seddon:

The enemy attacked Stony Creek Depot yesterday, and burned most of the buildings, consuming some stores and corn, but most of the latter was saved. The railroad is unharmed.

Gen. Lee coming up as the enemy was retiring, attacked and drove him rapidly eight miles, capturing some prisoners, but could not bring him to an engagement.

The depot was occupied by about 150 men under Captain Waldham, about one hundred and twenty-five of whom are said to have been captured--among them, I regret to state, Major Fitzhugh, Quartermaster.

The enemy left some dead at the depot and along the route of his retreat.

R.E. Lee.

From the Richmond papers we learn that official intelligence has been received that Sherman is at last moving towards the Atlantic coast in earnest. His point of destination is believed to have been at length discovered; but it is deemed imprudent at present to mention it. The general impression seems to be, that there will be a battle within the next few days which will decide the question, whether Sherman is to reach the coast in safety.

The Georgia papers inform us that important movements are on foot to meet Sherman wherever he may go, but these will be developed at the proper time. Gen. Wheeler has thus [illegible] managed Kilpatrick with all ease, and with less force, has whipped and driven him in every engagement.

The Lynchburg "Republican" states that official information has been received at Richmond that a fight had taken place between Wheeler's Cavalry and a portion of Sherman's army, embracing one corps of infantry and Kilpatrick's cavalry. The enemy attacked Wheeler's position and made several charges all of which were repulsed. The enemy's loss was very heavy. Kilpatrick reported wounded. Wheelers officers and men behaved most gallantly.

From the army of Gen. Hood we have no news, except what we gather from Yankee papers, which must be taken with many grains of allowance. They report that Gen. Hood has been repulsed at Franklin Tennessee with severe loss, amounting to 5 or 6000 men, 1000 prisoners captured including one Brigadier General. There loss only 1200 or 1500. They further state that the battle commenced at 4 o'clock P.M. and lasted till dark, an interval of only one hour and a half elapsed, during which time this wholesale destruction in the Confederate ranks was effected. We adopt the remarks of a co[n]temporary on this splendid achievement of Yankee skill that either some of the best and severest shooting on record was done on that occasion or some huge lying was found necessary to embellish the circumstances of the retreat to Nashville.

Notwithstanding that splendid victory of which they so much boast, they acknowledge in a subsequent dispatch, that on the night after the engagement they fell back from Franklin and took a position within 3 miles of Nashville, where they formed a line of battle. If Hood was as badly whipped as the Yankees say he was, what was the necessity of their army falling back within the suburbs of Nashville? Hood according to their own account was able to follow them up, and skirmishing was going on all day about five miles South of Nashville. Heavy cannonading could be heard in the city. Taking the enemy's own account of this affair we feel perfectly satisfied, that Gen. Hood, instead of sustaining a defeat, has obtained a splendid victory, and in its train will follow the reduction of Nashville and the recovery of the whole of Tennessee to the Confederacy.

We have nothing of interest from the lower Valley, since the expedition of Gen. Rosser on the Baltimore and Ohio R. Road. The following dispatch from Gen. Lee tells the tale.

Headq'rs Army Northern Va.,

December 2,

Hon. Jas. A. Seddon

Gen. Early reports that Gen. Rosser, with Payne's and his own brigade, encountered, on the 27th ult., near Moorefield, a small party of the enemy and captured forty prisoners and one piece of artillery.

On the 28th he surprised and captured Fort Kelly, at New Creek, with four field pieces, four siege guns, between seven and eight hundred prisoners, a large number of horses and mules, and eight stand of colors; and destroyed two hundred wagons and a quantity of commissary and ordnance stores.

He brought off the field pieces and some wagons, spiked the siege guns and destroyed the carriages.

He also captured Piedmont, destroyed the Government buildings, containing a number of engines, burnt several b[r]idges, did considerable damage to the railroad, and collected several hundred head of cattle.

The boldness and energy exhibited by Gen. Rosser and the conduct of his men deserve much praise.

R.E. Lee.

That so much should have been accomplished with the loss of only two killed and three wounded on the Confederate side is very remarkable, and can only be accounted for upon the principle that the plans of Gen. Rosser were well matured and admirably executed.

Another circumstance, attending this expedition scarcely less remarkable, is related by a correspondent of one of the Richmond papers who states that the 5th and 6th Yankee "Virginia" Regiments of Cavalry were captured by the 5th and 6th Virginia Confederate Regiments.

The splendid success of Gen. Rosser and his gallant command in this expedition, will command the admiration of the whole country, and their chivalrous conduct on this, as well as many other occasions of a similar character will in after years form one of the brightest pages in our country's history.

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Full Text of Article

"Gen. R.D. Lilley . . ."

Gen. R.D. Lilley of our place has been assigned to the command of the Reserves in the Valley and has already entered upon the duties of the office.

Gen. Lilley has been an active participant in the war since its commencement and was wounded at the battle of Winchester which resulted in the loss of an arm.

Should it become necessary for the defence of our homes, that the Valley Reserves should be called to the field of battle we feel assured from his past conduct in many hotly contested engagements, that in Gen. Lilly they will have as commander, upon whom they can rely, and with such a leader, the Reserves, we doubt not will reflect credit upon themselves.

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From the Shenandoah

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