Valley of the Shadow
The Eve of War
Fall 1859–Spring 1861

1860 Census and Summaries

High Breckinridge Precincts in the 1860 Presidential Election

The high Breckinridge precincts were poorer than the county average in both household wealth and farm value and were more heavily invested in corn than wheat.

Breckinridge Vote Mean Household Wealth (in dollars) Median Household Wealth (in dollars) Mean Farm Value (in dollars) Median Farm Value (in dollars) Corn as a percent of Total Grain Wheat as a percent of Total Grain
County Average 34.1 5,892 2,200 7,314 6,000 34% 37%
Concord 73.4 3,553 2,450 2,050 1,900 39% 16%
Lurgan $55 $4,358 $2,250 3,265 3,000 42% 22%
Welsh Run $53 $5,739 $2,450 7,569 6,500 31% 41%

The data are based on the GIS of Augusta and Franklin households—maps are derived from a D.H. Davison map of Franklin County, published in 1858, and Jedediah Hotchkiss map of Augusta County, published in 1870 and based on surveys completed “during the war.” The maps have been georeferenced at the Virginia Center for Digital History, using ESRI Arc Info to produce a Geographic Information Systems map and database of households based on U.S. census data from the population, agricultural, and slaveowners schedules.

Note: Original precinct boundaries are not available. Precinct boundaries were established in the GIS using Thiessen polygons around precinct stations as central places.