Valley of the Shadow
The Eve of War
Fall 1859–Spring 1861

1860 Census and Summaries

Total Population as a Percentage of Virginia and Pennsylvania, 1820-1860

Augusta County remained steady as a percentage of Virginia’s total population between 1820 and 1860, growing slightly in the 1840s. Franklin County, on the other hand, declined significantly as a percentage of the Pennsylvania population between 1840 and 1860.

U.S. Census Office, Eighth Census [1860]. Population of the United States in 1860, Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census. Washington, D. C., 1864.