Valley of the Shadow
The Eve of War
Fall 1859–Spring 1861

1860 Census and Summaries

Property Holding of Heads of Household, 1860

In both counties propertyless heads of households made up only a small percentage of the population. In both Augusta and Franklin nearly half of the households did not own any land.

Augusta Franklin
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Heads of Household with real estate wealth 2,019 54.90% 4186 55.70%
Heads of Household with no real estate wealth 1659 45.10% 3324 44.30%
Heads of Household with personal property 3,240 88.10% 7224 96.20%
Heads of Household with no personal property 438 11.90% 286 3.80%