Valley of the Shadow
The Eve of War
Fall 1859–Spring 1861

1860 Census and Summaries

Free Black Population, 1820-1860

The free black population in Augusta declined in the 1850s as a percentage of the total population, just as it did in the Upper South and Virginia.

U.S. Census Office, Eighth Census [1860]. Population of the United States in 1860, Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census. Washington, D.C., 1864.